press  release of 10 October 2017

1)  The assassination of two persons in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914 triggered World
War I, which resulted in the death of an estimated 10 million military personnel
and 10 million civilians and many more wounded. Likewise, the current steadily
escalating confrontation between the United States and North Korea could explode
into war from a small incident. We must not let this happen.

2)  Both sides in the current conflict between the United States and North Korea
have threatened each other with events which rise to the level of genocide, the
greatest crime in international law.

3)  They have ignored the obligation of the UN Charter to resolve disputes
peaceably, without resorting to force.

4)  The United States in particular has declared an end to diplomacy, while
maintaining a condition which negates the possibility of beginning diplomacy:
the denuclearization of North Korea.

5)  The confrontation carries seeds of a wider war. China and North Korea have a
mutual defense pact. Russia borders North Korea. The United States and Japan
have a treaty-based defense arrangement, as do the United States and South
Korea. All concerned states in the region should make all efforts for a peaceful
resolution of the dispute, as is called for by the Security Council resolution
adopted on 11 September 2017.

6)  It is not – it must not be – too late to commence diplomacy, which could
include any number of concrete proposals, such as:

a.negotiations without preconditions

b.the cessation of joint US-South Korean military exercises in return for a
cessation of or moratorium on further nuclear weapons development by North Korea

c.the lifting or reduction of sanctions and other humanitarian aid to North Korea

e.discussion of a non-aggression pact between the United States and North Korea
monitored by a neutral country, as a first step to the conclusion of a peace treaty

f.abstention by the US side from attempts at regime change in North Korea

g.commitment to the establishment of a nuclear weapons free zone in Northeast Asia

7)  We offer these suggestions as a way to avoid another Sarajevo by intent or
accident, which could have unimaginably horrific consequences.

A more detailed analysis of the legal aspects of the situation you find here: